Strategies for Management


Can damaged coastal ecosystems be restored?, and environmental stresses on mangroves be minimized? If yes, what are the scientifically sound and ecologically sustainable ways to achieve this? These are just few of many questions related to improving the health of mangroves and coastal zones in the Indian Ocean countries today. Coastal ecosystems are areas of high ecological complexity and hence their restoration is a highly challenging prospect. Although possible, it is a long road to recovery and for severely damaged systems, natural restoration is often difficult. The post-Tsunami years saw a rapid upsurge in efforts to restore coastal areas and mangroves in the Indian Ocean countries.  Despite of these efforts there remains a pressing need for smart ways to restore and manage coastal ecosystems in the region.

Mangroves for the Future (MFF) believes that a holistic approach is necessary to maintain healthy coastal ecosystems. It recognizes the need to better equip the institutions that work on the ground and enabling local communities to become direct project beneficiaries. By teaching people skills and techniques on replanting, restoration, removal of alien species and sharing of lessons learned, MFF seeks to develop synergy between people and coastal ecosystems.

Around the Indian Ocean region, MFF works by encouraging local action based on scientific approaches and techniques, MFF seeks to conserve these vital coastal ecosystems for posterity. Through its Small Grants Facility (SGF), MFF supports programs that engage coastal communities in income generating activities that ensure better livelihoods and maintain ecosystem health. In Sri Lanka for example MFF via ‘Replanting mangroves in the Batticaloa lagoon’ project  helped establish 180 mangrove enclosures and planted 17,000 mangrove seedlings. In Panama, Sri Lanka, MFF helped the reconstruction of the Pottuvil mangrove nursery by engaging local fishing community. Similarly in Thailand’s Mae Nang Khao district, through Participatory rehabilitation of aquatic habitat project, MFF helped the reforestation of 32 hectares of degraded forest  with 9,000 mangrove plants and repopulated the protected area by releasing 11,000 juvenile fish.

For details about Actions, Outputs and Results, click [ + ]

Programmes of WorkActions/OutputsContribution to results
2. Designing ecologically and socio-economically sound coastal ecosystem rehabilitation
  1. Review of restoration work already underway (both before and during the post-tsunami reconstruction process), identification of national, regional and global expertise, and dissemination (with the possible establishment of a global database on rehabilitation projects) of best practices and lessons learned. 

  2. Within each country identification of areas that require, and are suitable for, rehabilitation, and those that are suitable for natural regeneration. 

  3. Capacity building for rehabilitation through the development and/or dissemination of best practice guidelines and training courses in local languages.

  4. Monitoring to assess the impacts of restoration, using indicators for measuring impacts and performance at the species and ecosystem levels, as well as on the socio-economic status of surrounding human populations.

  5. Application of management and eradication measures for invasive alien species in coastal ecosystems, and measures to halt their use for shoreline protection.
  • More sustainable, equitable and effective protection, and where necessary rehabilitation, of coastal ecosystems
  • Enhanced action in coastal conservation through partnership with the private sector
  • More environmentally sustainable coastal livelihoods


Related News

Photo story: Safe haven in safe hands

Huraa Island, Maldives 01 Dec 2017

Country: Maldives

Topic: Civil Society Engagement, Management Assessment and Monitoring, Strategies for Management

What comes to mind when you think of the Maldives? For many people, the name conjures images of expensive resorts on palm-fringed atolls, beaches of white sand and sparkling surf. Less well-known is that the Maldives are also home to mangrove forests...    

Planning for the future of Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary

Peam Krasop, Cambodia 16 Nov 2017

Country: Cambodia

Topic: Climate change, Coastal Governance, Strategies for Management

Located on the coast of southwestern Cambodia, the Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary harbours one of the largest undisturbed mangrove forests in Southeast Asia. The sanctuary’s magnificent mangroves are anchored in the bays and channels that weave among...    

Beyond frontiers – Engaging the Pakistan Navy in coastal governance

Karachi, Pakistan 14 Nov 2017

Country: Pakistan

Topic: Coastal Governance, Marine Protected Areas, Strategies for Management

Fisheries are the primary livelihood sector for 80% of the coastal population of Pakistan, but this sector contributes to only 0.5% of national GDP and 1% of the country’s labour force. Fish and fishery-related exports yield, on average, a sum of PKR...    

Featured Film - Safeguarding the Coasts

Safeguarding the Coasts, Pakistan © MFF/IUCN, 2015

SGF Pakistan output

Related Events

14th Regional Steering Committee Meeting

Yangon, Myanmar 28 Sep - 02 Oct 2017

Sharing Lessons on Mangrove Restoration - MFF Regional Colloquium

Mamallapuram, near Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India 30 Aug - 31 Aug 2012

A regional colloquium on sharing lessons in mangrove restoration on August 30-31, 2012 in Chennai, India examines the various experiences from MFF countries where mangrove projects have been carried out. The colloquium ...    

View all related events »

Related Press Releases

Regional symposium puts spotlight on the need to protect marine biodiversity and Asia’s coastal fisheries

Kochi, India 28 Oct 2013

Representatives from more than 12 countries attended a Regional Fisheries Symposium from October 28 to 30 in Kochi, India with the goal of exploring ecosystem-based approaches to protecting fisheries and marine biodivers...    

View all related press releases »

Related Images

View all related images »

Related Publications

Business & Biodiversity Newsletter

Author: IUCN Pakistan

Posted on: 30th Jan 2018

Category: Asia Region (Secretariat)

Size: 6.3 MB

COP23 'Promoting Coastal Blue Carbon Ecosystems' event poster

Author: MFF

Posted on: 9th Nov 2017

Category: MFF Country (NCB)

Size: 2.9 MB

View all related publications »

Share This