Mangroves in Mui Ca Mau National Park, Dat Mui Commune, Ngoc Hien District, Ca Mau Province © MFF Vietnam, 2012
The project aimed to sustainably manage the mangrove ecosystem at Mui Ca Mau National Park by enhancing the capacity of local authority and the management board of the Park in attracting the community’s participation in mangroves management and conservation.
Located on the southern tip of Viet Nam, between the East Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, Mui Ca Mau National Park (MCMNP) is a Ramsar site and encompasses over 15,000 ha of mangroves and is recognized as one of the most important wetlands in Vietnam. It is home of many rare and valuable species, some of which are endangered and listed in IUCN's global and national Red Lists. However, there are difficulties and challenges in mangrove conservation and protection.
Before the park was established in 2003, thousands of poor households lived in the core zone where they remain today. Of the four communes inside the park, Dat Mui Commune had the highest number of households, 3,900, living in the core zone. Of these, only 200 households were allocated land. The remaining 3,700 households either had no land, or only enough for housing, because there was no more land to allocate. 819 households had less than 0.5 hectare. Since they could not farm shrimp, and fishing was only possible from June-July when fish are plentiful, thousands of households depended on cutting mangroves and producing charcoal for a living. They ran small kilns that earned households VND3,000,000 (US$150) per month.
The large area and intertwined river system made patrolling and enforcement of regulations difficult. In such a situation, sustainable management of mangroves was beyond the capacity of the MCMNP management board if they did not bring the local community on board. However, the management board of the park lacked the skills in engaging the community to participate in mangrove management and conservation.
- 3,900 households living in the core zone of Mui Ca Mau National Park
- Gender equality
Mui Ca Mau is a national park in southern Vietnam. It is located in Dat Mui Commune, Ngoc Hien District, Ca Mau Province, the southernmost of Vietnam's provinces
1st Nov 2012 to 30th Jun 2013
Mr. Luu Ngoc Hieu (Project Coordinator)
Mui Ca Mau National Park
Address: Rach Tau Dong Hamlet, Dat Mui Commune, Ngoc Hien District, Ca Mau Province