Integrated Shrimp Ponds in the Indus Delta
Due to the construction of dams and barrages upstream, fresh water flow to the Indus Delta has decreased in recent years leading to acute water shortage in the region, the intrusion of seawater, and the consequent loss of agricultural land. This has had a significant impact on local fishing communities which depended on this land during off-season (May to August) for their livelihood. The loss of this source of income has increased pressure on coastal resources, resulting in unsustainable fishing practices (such as using fine mesh nets) and over-exploitation of mangroves for grazing and fuel wood. The two villages participating in this project are located on either side of the River Indus.
The main objective of this project is not only to help the fishermen in these communities find a stable source of income through rearing and selling shrimp, but also to prevent the current practice of catching juvenile shrimp and depleting future shrimp stocks in the delta area. The idea of piloting low-cost shrimp ponds will not only improve the livelihood of the locals without requiring them to change their traditional livelihood practices, but will also raise awareness among other fishing communities in the area which face similar problems because it is easily replicable. From the income generated from the shrimp ponds, fifty percent will be shared equally among the poor households, twenty percent will be deposited in the CBO’s communal fund, and thirty percent will be reinvested in the ponds. This will ensure that the project will endure after the completion of the project activities set out here. Furthermore, the FRDO will continue to communicate with the local communities in order to sustain the project interventions.
Ten of the poorest households in each village will benefit directly from the project. In addition to this, locals from two other communities in the Indus Delta will benefit from the lessons learnt.
Awareness of integrated coastal management through a documentary, a case study, a short video, brochures, and community and media exposure visits at the two sites.
No particular emphasis on the topic of gender equality in this project.
Planting and protection of mangroves along pond embankments will shelter the vicinity from natural disasters such as cyclones and tsunamis.
Bhoori Village and Haji Doongar Jat
5th Jul 2013 to 5th Jul 2014
Fisherman Rural Development Organisation (FRDO)
Muhammad Umar Jat