Crab Fattening as an Alternative Means of Livelihood
To introduce ten model crab fattening ponds in two coastal villages.
Kharo Chhan lies along the Sindh coastline, and is home to the most dense mangrove forest in the province. As such, the area is rich in marine life and is the breeding ground for several species of fish. About ninety percent of the area’s communities are engaged in fishing, but poverty is prevalent in the region and the burden on marine resources has increased; over-fishing has become a particular problem due to the usage of small-mesh nets.
The aim of this project is to improve income generation in poor households and to introduce a sustainable approach to the utilisation of natural resources, particularly to reduce pressure on existing fish stocks. The advantage of introducing aquaculture is that most households already practise it for a living. After the purchase and rearing of juvenile crabs, they can be sold in the market. Profits can be shared among the beneficiaries, with part of it being reinvested to replenish stocks. This would ensure the sustainability of the project following its completion.
Ten poor households in the two villages in Kharo Chhan will benefit directly, while fifteen other villages will be given knowledge on how to replicate the project.
Introduce crab fattening as alternate livelihood resources and introduce 10 crab fattening ponds in two coastal villages.
Raise awareness and capacity among community regarding crab fattening as alternate livelihood source.
Documentation and dissemination of lessons learnt.
Average monthly income of beneficiary households increased by approx. PKR 6000/- from the fattened crabs. Additional income from crab sale was used by a beneficiary to purchase sewing machine. The other beneficiaries used additional income to get their boat engines repaired, purchase grocery items, medicines, clothing for household use and repayment of their loans.
Women will be involved in taking care of the juvenile crabs while the village men go fishing in the open sea; they will also take part in meetings and give their suggestions before the project is implemented.
Kharo Chhan, Sindh Province
5th Jul 2013 to 5th Jul 2014
Integrated Development and Empowerment Approaches (IDEA)