Synergy of Mangrove Forest Rehabilitation and Sustainable Economic Development of Coastal Community at Kraksaan Subdistrict, Probolinggo

Snapshot of Sido Agung Mangrove Forest Rehabilitation Site

Snapshot of Sido Agung Mangrove Forest Rehabilitation Site, Sidopekso village, Kebonagung village, and Kalibuntu village, Kraksaan Sub-district, Probolinggo District, East Java Province © MFF IUCN, 2015


Long-term objective:

  • Maintain and increase both the volume and the extent of mangroves in coastal border regions, public waters, and ponds to strengthen coastal community resilience to environmental change and secure sustainable economy of the community.

Short-term objectives:

  1. Restoring the healthy and natural conditions of the shrimp and fish ponds by planting mangroves around the pond area;
  2. Maintaining pond construction;
  3. Improve economy of the people, especially women's group, through livelihood activities.   


Kraksaan sub-district is one of the coastal areas in Probolinggo having lots of damaged ponds and depleted mangrove cover. The damage is mainly caused by rent intensification. Moreover, due to poor construction, the embankments are often eroded, so mangroves should be planted alongside the pond embankments to support the pond construction. Sido Agung Farmer Group have planted mangroves in the riverside and applied sylvofishery method in one of the ponds. However, those efforts are not enough. There should be further and more comprehensive activities to accelerate the mangrove rehabilitation and to restore healthy pond ecosystem. In addition, the existing mangrove processing method applied by the local community is considered to be ineffective. It increases the amount of waste around pond area and disrupt the ecosystem.     

Through the implementation of SGF project, SIdo Agung Farmer Group aims to maintain and increase both the volume and the extent of mangrove cover and develop sustainable economy for the local communities.

Target beneficiaries

197 members of the community group KTT Sido Agung, 136 fish farmers and salt farmers in the identified villages.


  1. 82,250 mangrove seedlings were planted with 83% growth rate to rehabilitate 5 ha land area consisting of two fish ponds - along three riverbanks and coastline, in collaboration with local government.
  2. A women’s group (17 members) received training on mangrove and fish-based food processing;
  3. Additional income generated from women group activity (food processing and marketing) in the last 9 months was as follows:
  • Mangrove tea: IDR 21,600,000
  • Shrimp chips: IDR 59,250,000
  • Mangrove cookies: IDR 3,600,000

Accomplishments and challenges

  1. A total of 80,000 B.gymnorrhiza and R.stylosa seedlings have been planted in nurseries (100% of originally proposed), with very high average growth success (95%). A total of 52,000 of seedlings (of originally proposed 50,000) have been planted in 2 proposed planting areas of Penjalinan & Seroh river banks (50,000 seedlings) and group’s silvofishery fish-pond (2,000 seedlings) with the growth success of 81% and 77% respectively. The planting activities were done in collaboration with a local primary school students and boy scouts. The remaining 28,000 seedlings are reserved to be planted for enrichment of the planted seedlings.
  2. Pilot aquaculture: 1st distribution of 10,000 milk fish in 2 hectares of fish ponds (May 2014) has been harvested on 1 February 2015, yielded 614 kg for a total value of Rp.9.210.000 (Rp.15,000/kg). The 2nd distribution of 6,000 milk fish on end November 2014, expected to be harvested during end of April 2015; while the 3rd distribution of 4,700 milk fish on mid-January 2015 is expected to be harvested on May – June 2015. Fish pellet and vitamin have been purchased as a stock for the whole 3 farming period, until June 2015;
  3. Silvofishery at the 0.5 hectare of private fish-ponds belong to one of the villager. A total of 2,000 mangrove seedlings have been planted on the pond’s dyke. The area is much smaller than the originally proposed 2 hectares. The silvofishery activities of 2 other fish-ponds totaling of 2,07 and 2,25 hectares are not been implemented as both areas were sold by the owners. During the end of this reporting period, a discussion between the group and representative of NCB and NC is being held to agree on the new replacer’s silvofishery areas.
  4. The home industry of women group is running well for the following products:
  • Herbal tea from associate mangrove species Acanthus ilicifolius (locally known as Daruju). All group members participated on the production process. Collection of raw material was done by member’s husband. The production level reached 2 kg per week with initial capital of Rp.75,000 – 100,000 per week, and net profit of Rp.200,000 – 30,000 per week or Rp.800,000 – 1,200,000 per month. The products marketing carried out through direct selling, especially during communal gathering/meeting. Efforts are still required to market the product through shop chains.
  • Rice cracker (locally known as Rengginang). Caried out by all members, of which 8 members are responsible for whole production process.  Roughly  50 – 60 kgs of rangginang produced, with initial capital of around Rp.900,000 per day. A net profit of Rp.145,000 per day (Rp.4 million per month) could be gained by group members. Marketed through direct selling and distributed to local shops.
  • Mangrove-based cookies. Caried out by all members, of which 5 members are responsible for whole production process as well as collection of raw material.  During high fruiting season, group could gain net profit of Rp.200,000 – 250,000 per week or Rp.800,000 – 1,000,000 per month. Marketing only through direct selling.

Contributions to cross-cutting themes

- Climate change and disaster risk reduction

82,250 mangrove seedlings were planted with 83% growth rate to rehabilitate 5 ha land area consisting of two fish ponds - along three riverbanks and coastline. This activity will increase coastal community resilience toward environmental change.

- Gender equality

A women’s group (17 members) received training on mangrove and fish-based food processing. The group members then generate additional income from food processing activities and marketing.

Lessons Learned

  • Field facilitator who provides constant technical assistance plays a key role, especially when grantee does not have enough experience and capability in terms of coastal rehabilitation and other associated activities (e.g. silvofishery activities);
  • Training on mangrove rehabilitation provided before the project implementation can significantly increase grantee's capacity and experience;
  • Planting activities conducted on the land owned by individuals should be completed with a written agreement between grantee and the land owners in order to secure the commitment to maintain the plants and to enforce the mutually agreed rules (such as incentives, sanctions, etc.).

Project Facts



Sidopekso village, Kebonagung village, and Kalibuntu village, Kraksaan Sub-district, Probolinggo District, East Java Province



11th Apr 2014 to 10th Apr 2015

MFF Grant Amount

IDR 160,694,800

Co-financing Partner

1. Enviromental Agency of Probolinggo District

2. Fishery and Marine Agency of Probolinggo District

3. Forestry Agency of Probolinggo District

4. Dinas PU Pengairan Probolinggo District

5. Cooperatives, Small and Medium Enterprises Agency of Probolinggo District

6. Health Agency of Probolinggo District

Implementing Partner

Kelompok Tani Tambak (KTT), Fish Farmer Group Sido Agung

Jl Sahara RT 03 RW 02, Dusun Gilin, Kebonagung village, Kraksaan sub-district, Probolinggo District

Contact person: Bambang Taufiq

Phone/mobile: +6282142556776

Email address:

Related Images

  • Livelihood activity by women's group Sido Agung
  • Mangrove seedlings
  • Mangrove nursery

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