Snapshot of the Pantai Lestari mangrove polyculture project ... , Karangsong Village, Indramayu District, Indramayu Regency, West Java © MFF IUCN, 2014
The project aims for sustainable management of a mangrove ecosystem to continue the environmental and economic benefits received by local communities. In particular, the project will:
1. Develop a mangrove nursery ('seedbed') with a capacity of 50,000 trees, to be used for planting in at least 10 hectares of silvofishery ponds in the project site;
2. Use mangrove polyculture to maintain the ecological function of mangrove forests (particularly preventing coastal erosion);
3. Provide additional income to the Pantai Lestari Karangsong Women's Group, by introducing boneless fish processing (milkfish) as alternative livelihood activity;
4. Establish a partnership with Marine and Fishery Office of Indramayu Regency and the NGO Siklus Indramayu, to get technical assistance and new technology related to mangrove polyculture;
5. Implement the village regulation mandate for "Management of Mangrove Protection Area of Karangsong Village" (Village Regulation No 02 of 2009).
In the past, Karangsong village communities thought that mangrove areas do not provide direct economic benefits. Consequently, mangrove forests were converted into other use, such as fish or aquaculture ponds. Because of this conversion, at least 127.30 ha of beach was eroded in Karangsong village.
More than 60% of the Karangsong coastal areas have been converted into fish ponds farming during the last 3 decades. In addition, another 10% has also been used for community settlement. This land use changes resulted into unfavourable condition for local communities, including coastal abrasion, more regular floods and salt water intrusion.
The long term purpose of the project is sustain the ecological function of mangroves in Karongsong village. Mangroves offer protection from waves and typhoons, and can prevent coastal erosion. Mangroves also act as a nursery for various marine life, especially fish, shrimp, clams, and crabs. The project also considers the present economic needs of the villagers, in particular improving the livelihood
Silvofishery is the main strategy used for mangrove sustainable management in the project site. The project will use the mangrove nursery ('seedbeds') as a source of seedlings for the silvofishery ponds. In addition, the project aims to provide additional income to the members of Pantai Lestari Women's group (through boneless fish processing).
Karangsong Village fishers and the Pantai Lestari Karangsong Women group
50.000 mangrove seedlings were successfully planted in an area around 5 hectares.Mangrove species with high probability to grow well is rizophora stylosa (90%), while the probability of avicinnea is medium (60%). Mangrove replanting and maintenance will keep continuing minimum in the next three years.
In demonstration pilot of milkfish polyculture, 1,265 kg fish were produced (from 6,000 fingerlings deployed), where each fish weighs around 400 grams. The price is IDR 18,000/fish. From the deployment of 4 tons of seedlings, 8 tons of seaweed was harvested, while 3 tons still remained on the pond.
The main challenges are coastal abrasion, high tide and strong current that damage or drift mangroves away to sea. Some people still cut down mangroves for firewood, but the number is not significant and this is still preventable.
Apart from activities supported by MFF, the community group is currently implementing nursery of 26,000 seedlings supported by provincial Fishery Office, and development of eco-tourism facilities supported by national petroleum company, PT. Pertamina.
The existence of Village Regulation No. 02 Year 2009 on the management of mangrove areas in Karangsong village, which specifically mentioned that KSM Pantai Lestari has full right to manage the area, has been very instrumental in developing the sustainable use planning for the area.
- Climate change and disaster risk reduction
50,000 mangrove seedlings were planted along riverbank and pond’s dyke. The mangrove planting will improve the resilience of coastal community to environmental change.
- Gender equality
Women's group took part on the training as part of ways to improve livelihood of people at Karangsong.
- Knowledge management and communications
Through shared lessons and experiences, people are more aware on the importance of coastal ecosystems for future generations.
Karangsong Village, Indramayu District, Indramayu Regency, West Java Province
11th Apr 2014 to 10th Apr 2015
KSM Pantai Lestari
Jln. Pantai Song, RT./RW.: 03/02, Blok Song Pantai Karangsong Village,
Indramayu District, Indramayu Regency 45219
West Java Province
Contact person: Eka Tarika
Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Marine and Fishery Office of Indramayu Regency
NGO Siklus Indramayu