Mangrove Nursery trainings for women in SGHs, Tamil Nadu © SPEED, 2014
The objectives of the project are to develop a model for restoration of mangroves towards enhancing the livelihoods of fisher folk, and to improve resilience of the project village to natural disasters.
The majority of fishermen in Palk Bay practice traditional fishing methods. Significant pressures from the expanding trawler fleet in the region and the subsequent depleting fish stocks have caused the fishermen much misery. Women from fisher families in particular, have been forced to find supplementary sources of income to support their families, which in turn has led to a disruption of traditional social/cultural structures.
Karankadu is a coastal village in Thiruvadanaitaluk in Ramanathapuram district. An approximate 1,548 fisherfolk reside here, practicing traditional fishing methods; 780 fisher women practice traditional crab and fish catching (which involves fishing by touch). The latter is dependent on the healthy growth of nearby mangroves that sustain nurseries of economically important species for the community. In recent times there has been depletion in the cover of mangroves in the region, increasing the vulnerability of the region and threatening the livelihoods of hundreds.
SHG members (women) of Karankadu village
There is potential for the project livelihood interventions to eventually allow for a gradual squeezing out of the middle man in the village, allowing better access to finances for the community; the income generated from the supplementary livelihoods will over time enable the communities to pay off their loans
As the success of this project reaches other villages, it could be a bellwether for similar models in the rest of Ramnathapuram District. SPEED and IUCN are exploring opportunities to replicate activities in surrounding villages; the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has already expressed support to continue similar interventions.
The importance of women in coastal resource management has been widely recognized. This project provides women and men with the necessary skills and capacity to effectively manage the fisheries and mangrove resources around their village for more sustainable income generation.
Karankadu village, Thiruvadanai Block, Ramanathapuram District, Tamil Nadu
10th Dec 2013 to 10th Jun 2015
Society for People Education and Economic Development (SPEED): INR 103,354
Mr. S. Devaraj
Director, Society for People Education and Economic Development (SPEED)