Alternative livelihood options for vulnerable mangrove resources in the Sundarbans Tiger Reserve

Fishing at sunset in the Sundarbans

Fishing at sunset in the Sundarbans, Sundarbans, West Bengal, India © Pradeep Vyas, 2009


The main objective of the project is to promote alternative livelihood options to save mangroves from the biotic interference of key mangrove user groups

The immediate objectives are:

1. Improved institutional and organizational arrangements for mangrove and wildlife conservation and protection developed through capacity building for Forest Department staff and key stakeholders in fringe villages.

2. Improved environmental biodiversity and increased livelihood security through reduced dependency of local people on the forest resources by diversification into alternative livelihood options and improved disaster preparedness and management.

3. Improved scientific monitoring for mangroves and project management.


The purpose of this project is to reduce the pressure on the forest's natural resources through the provision of alternative livelihoods and income generating options and seeks to pilot disaster preparedness initiatives. The project aims to reducte the risk of damage to lives and livelihoods from flooding and other related natural disasters that the area is prone to. Institutional and organizational building strengthening is also a key component of the project.

Target beneficiaries

Beneficiaries include people inhabiting the fringe villages by the Sundarban Tiger Reserve, and people living in Jharkhali area of the adjoining south 24 Pargana (South) Division. The main target groups will be the poorer sectors of these villages that rely heavily on the mangrove resources for their day-to-day needs and livelihoods.


Output 1: Strengthened organizational capacity of eco-development committees and forest department staff to plan, implement and monitori conservation and livelihood development.

Output 2: Improved livelihood security through disaster preparedness and mitigation in disaster prone fringe villages.

Output 3: Improved monitoring and management of mangroves in the Sundarbans



Sundarban Biosphere Reserve, West Bengal, India



16th Nov 2011 to 15th Nov 2013

MFF Grant Amount

USD 299,600

Implementing Partner

Mr. Pradeep Vyas


Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve, West Bengal Forest Department

Related Images

  • Signing of the MFF India Large Grant Project contract in New Delhi, India
  • Black Headed Kingfisher in Sundarbans
  • Fishing at sunset in the Sundarbans
  • Spotted Deer in the Sundarbans mangrove forest
  • Women Self Help Groups from in and around the Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve

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