Integrated Coastal Planning


It is estimated that 75 % of the world's largest cities are situated near the coastlines. In Asia, a vast majority of the population resides along the coasts where population growth rates are generally higher than the national averages. Marine based tourism and fisheries are playing increasingly important roles in the economy of many Asian countries. As more and more coastal areas turn into centers of economic activity, the ensuing 'pull factor' results in exponential coastal population growth. As a direct consequence, coastal ecosystems are coming under extreme duress.

Encroachment into protected areas and state lands remains a contentious issue in MFF countries. Populations migrating in coastal areas for better opportunites settle in statelands and develop into permanent clusters with perceived rights to these lands. This gives rise to frequent conflicts between different resource users, local communities, the private sector and government.

Proper land use planning is crucial to integrated coastal management. The health of coastal ecosystems and their overall productivity is invariably linked to proper management. Most MFF countries in the region have comprehensive laws and regulations governing land use in coastal zones. However these laws and regulations are often weakly enforced resulting in conflicts and environmentally unsustainable land use. Not all countries have integrated land use policy or strategies in place, and where they exist these strategies are not always put into practice.

For details about Actions, Outputs and Results, click [ + ]

Programmes of WorkActions/OutputsContribution to results
12. Strengthening the integration and enforcement of environmental and social safeguards in coastal land use planning
  1. Review of legal and regulatory measures governing coastal zone land use and development, and associated information sharing among coastal planners and developers.

  2. Support to the development of spatial plans for coastal zones at national and local levels, including assessing critical and vulnerable ecosystems and needs for ecosystem protection within land use zoning.

  3. Support to the formation of resolution mechanisms to deal with land-use conflicts around critical ecosystems, particularly protected areas.


  • More effective policy, legal and institutional mechanisms for inter-sectoral coordination in environmental aspects of coastal management

  • Strengthened alliances and procedures to improve environmental law enforcement and compliance

  • More inclusive development planning, appraisal, approval and monitoring processes which reflect ecosystem needs

  • Greener business plans which recognise and reflect ecosystem services

Related News

Nijhum Dwip in Bangladesh: Loud voices for the “quiet island” on World Wetlands Day

Nijhum Dwip, Bangladesh 21 Mar 2018

Country: Asia Region, Bangladesh

Topic: Capacity development, Climate change, Community Resilence ...

To celebrate World Wetlands Day on February 2, IUCN, MFF, and USAID, in collaboration with ECOFISH, WorldFish and the “Climate Resilient Ecosystems and Livelihoods” project, organised a number of activities in Nijhum Dwip to highlight the importance ...    

Regional Integrated Coastal Management training course extended to Cambodia

Kampot, Cambodia 25 Sep 2017

Country: Cambodia

Topic: Integrated Coastal Planning, Knowledge management and communications

MFF’s long-standing regional Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) training course was successfully extended to national member countries. From 28 August to 1 September, the Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP) completed the first national level ICM c...    

Featured Projects

Boat Survey 1

Conservation of Grande & Bat Island Ecosystem in Goa


Location: Mandovi and Sinquerim river estuary; Grande Island, Vasco Coast, Goa

Topics: Capacity Building , Coastal Governance , Integrated Coastal Planning , Sustainable Business Practices , Sustainable Livelihoods

MFF Grant Amount: INR 982,000    

WideConserving wetlands Andaman Coast c SSereepaowong 2009

Conserving wetlands on the Andaman coast

Duration: May 2009 to November 2010

Location: Koh Yai Rang mangrove area, Kapoe, Ranong, Thailand

Topics: Reef to Ridge , Sustainable Livelihoods , Integrated Coastal Planning

MFF Grant Amount: US$9,737    

Featured Film - Implementation SGF Project by IPP Makassar

Implementation SGF Project by IPP Makassar , Makassar © IPPM, 2013

The first SGF phase-1 Implementation by MFF Indonesia to IPP Makassar from 2010 until 2011.

Related Events

15th Regional Steering Committee meeting

Bali, Indonesia 24 Sep - 27 Sep 2018

MFF Phase 3 National Completion Workshops

Each MFF country 01 Nov 2018

MFF Phase 3 Regional Completion Workshop

Bangkok, Thailand 01 Nov 2018

View all related events »

Related Press Releases

Coastal ecosystems to benefit from cooperation between DMCR and IUCN

Bangkok, Thailand 29 Jan 2016

The signing of an MOU on January 28 between the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR) and IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, marks a significant step toward improved management of coastal r...    

Regional symposium puts spotlight on the need to protect marine biodiversity and Asia’s coastal fisheries

Kochi, India 28 Oct 2013

Representatives from more than 12 countries attended a Regional Fisheries Symposium from October 28 to 30 in Kochi, India with the goal of exploring ecosystem-based approaches to protecting fisheries and marine biodivers...    

View all related press releases »

Related Images

View all related images »

Related Publications

Turning Tides Magazine

2017 in Review

Author: Various

Publisher: MFF

Posted on: 31st Jul 2018

Category: Asia Region (Secretariat)

Size: 9.1 MB

COP23 'Promoting Coastal Blue Carbon Ecosystems' event poster

Author: MFF

Posted on: 9th Nov 2017

Category: MFF Country (NCB)

Size: 2.9 MB

View all related publications »

Share This