Mangrove Rehabilitation and Women's Empowerment through Alternative Business Development

 
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The location where soft engineering measures to be applied t ... , South Motandoi Village, South Bolaang Mongondow District, North Sulawesi © MFF IUCN

Objectives

To adapt to global warming impact, to restore mangrove ecosystem and to create alternative livelihood in order to improve women’s group economy

Background

Motandoi Selatan village has a relatively good and healthy mangrove areas, and low level of disturbance, due to the high awareness of local community on mangrove ecosystem values. A total of 126 ha mangrove areas are identified through satellite image analyses. Most of mangrove areas has 15 – 20 meters’ old trees with more than 20 cm diameter.

However, it is indicated that not much coastal land available for rehabilitation, as most of the suitable land have been well planted by local communities. Other activities, apart from mangrove planting, need to be identified to support rehabilitation programme in this village.

Target beneficiaries

40 members of women's group in South Motandoi village.

Outputs

  1. 15,000 mangrove seedlings were planted with 86% growth rate to rehabilitate 1.5 ha degraded estuary (including accreted land);
  2. Sediment trap made from wood and bamboo was built;
  3. 2 women’s groups (30 members) were established;
  4. 30 members of women’s groups received training on fish floss production;
  5. 2 sets of fish floss tools were provided;
  6. Women’s groups produced and marketed the fish floss product in local market;
  7. 15 elementary school teachers received training on environmental awareness;
  8. 50 elementary students got involved in mangrove planting activities.  

Accomplishments and challenges

  • A total of 30 women were participated during the initiation of the project;
  • 3-day training on the production of shredded fish / fish floss had been implemented, facilitated by KELOLA Staff and District’s Marine and Fisheries office;
  • A total of 15,000seedlings had been prepared in nursery, of which 5,000 seedlings were initially the rehabilitation site, followed by thhe remaining 10,000 seedlings planted upon the completion of sediment trap structure. Total rehabilitation areas: 1.5 ha;
  • The following activities had been implemented:
  1. Two community  groups had been established, focused on the production of shredded fish / fish floss;
  2. Four cycles of fish floss marketing with support from District’s Marine and Fisheries Office, each produced some 73 packs for IDR.650,000 per cycle. All products were marketed locally;
  • Apart from mangrove planting and livelihood, the following activities have been implemented by communities, facilitated by PKBM Tomini Lestari :
  1. Building of permeable dam. This work aimed on the development of a permeable dam bamboo-structure to trap the sediment transported by sea current, especially during high tide. The accreted land resulted from the accumulation of sediment would then be planted by mangrove species in order to provide natural environment service, mainly avoiding of erosion, but also other benefit, such as fish spawning habitat;
  2. Environment education programme at primary school. 
  • The engagement of women members mostly focused on the livelihood programme, where very few men engaged in the livelihood activities. More fairly balanced engagement occurred during planting activities and building of soft-engineering structure.

Contributions to cross-cutting themes

- Climate change and disaster risk reduction

15,000 mangrove seedlings were planted to rehabilitate 1.5 ha degraded estuary (including accreted land).

- Gender equality

30 members of women’s groups received training on fish floss production. Women’s groups produced and marketed the fish floss product in local market. The engagement of women members mostly focused on the livelihood programme, where very few men engaged in the livelihood activities. More fairly balanced engagement occurred during planting activities and building of soft-engineering structure.

Lessons Learned

  • Training on mangrove rehabilitation provided before the project implementation can significantly increase grantee's capacity and experience;
  • Field facilitator who provides constant technical assistance plays a key role, especially when grantee does not have enough experience and capability in terms of coastal rehabilitation and other associated activities;
  • Grantee should be equipped with basic organizational and financial management skills to ensure the submission of deliverables in a timely manner and in a proper format.

 

Country

Location

South Motandoi Village, South Bolaang Mongondow District, North Sulawesi

Topic

Duration

6th May 2015 to 5th May 2015

MFF Grant Amount

IDR 197,700,000

Implementing Partner

PKBM Tomini Lestari

Jl.Trans Sulawesi Lintas Selatan, Desa Dudepo Kompl.Lapangan, Kec.Bolaang Uki, Kab.Bolaang Mongondow Selatan, North Sulawesi Province, Post code 95774,

Contact person: Juanda Datundugon, Chief PKBM

Mobile: +6281244935359

Email address: jhoe_rilis@yahoo.co.id

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