Grants :: Small Grant Facilities :: Strengthened capacity of children, communities and local government by better preparedness and mitigation of climate change and disaster risk in Kendrapara district, Odisha
Children demonstrate basic first aid techniques for use in d ... , Hasina Village, Kendrapara, Odisha © MFF India, 2014
The objective of the project was to strengthen and sustain community stewardship in conservation, restoration, sustainable management of mangroves based on scientific principles, taking into account the vulnerability of the region to natural disasters, sustainable livelihood security for local communities and conservation of ecologically significant natural resources.
Kendrapara district situated in a tropical sub-climate area on the eastern coastline of India faces Bay of Bengal on the sea level. The district slopes down to Bay of Bengal from 7.5 meters. It’s densely populated coastal plains have alluvial deposits from its river systems. It is fertile yet highly erosive. In last 4-5 decades, banks have been eroded by the rivers as well as the sea. This has led to mass displacement amongst inhabitants. Three villages were completely submerged and four villages partially submerged by River Brahmani in Chandibaunsamula GP before the project intervention. The coast line along Bay of Bengal in Satavaya and Pentha has shifted 3-5 kms in-land, making the coastal settlements extremely vulnerable to disasters. In the district, the temperature varies between 15–40°C throughout the year, with an average yearly rainfall of 2033mm (District Disaster Management Plan).
The Gram Panchayats (GP) of Chandibaunsamula and Kandira in Kendrapara district are highly vulnerable and prone to disasters. Chandibaunsamula GP is 7-8 kilometres from sea by aerial distance and is situated on the bank of River Brahmani at the merging point of River Brahmani and River Kharasrota. River bank erosion has caused the disappearance of 4 villages in 40 years with two more which are at the verge of extinction. High river bank erosion and annual floods is a common feature of the Gram Panchayat. The project villages of Chandibaunsamula GP were covered by child centered community based disaster risk reduction (CCCBDRR) project with the objective of building resilience among children and communities towards future disasters. On the contrary to Chandibaunsamula GP, villages of Kandira GP covered under this project never had that kind of intervention. The project design was intended to supplement CCCBDRR project and collectively increase resilience of the children and communities in the project intervention area towards disasters and climate change risks.
Children and communities from villages in Rajnagar, Kendrapara, Orissa
The key deliverables of this project are:
The communities in Rajnagar district face flooding and natural disaster events on a frequent basis; the resultant salinity ingress is a significant threat. As the community is largely agricultural dependent, this imperils their income and food security. The mangrove plantations are predominantly located between the river and the agricultural fields, and are a natural barrier to flooding and storm related events. As such they constitute a nature-based solution to the imminent threat of the impacts of climate change. In recognition of this, and through efforts made through this project, the regeneration/plantation of mangroves has been included in the action plan against climate change by the Gram Panchyat, through the Gram Sabha.
7 villages in Chandilbaunsamula Gram Panchayat and 4 villages in Kandira Gram Panchayat, Rajnagar Block, Kendrapara district, Odisha
10th Dec 2013 to 10th Jun 2015
Save the Children: INR 118,000
Ms. Jyothi Sharma
National Manager – Institutional Partnerships, Resource Mobilization
Save the Children, India