Climate-smart integrated vegetable farming © RACHANA
Tuol Torteung commune, Prey Nob district, Preah Sihanouk province, Cambodia is highly vulnerable to climate impacts on socio and ecological systems including high levels of population density and poverty (33.7%), sea level rise, storm surges and tropical storm, shoreline erosion, poor waste management, and lack of access to safe drinking water as well as lack of awareness on value of mangrove and poor infrastructure for effective waste management. In addition, the current adaptive capacity to future climate changes in the coastal areas is relatively low.
The target farmers are relied on agriculture and the most of them apply traditional wet season rice production. Among those, 35% grow white rice varieties and 65% grow red rice varieties. The mains problems which are addressed by project are (i) lack of livelihood diversification and (ii) limited adaptive capacity among the target farmers. The project provides alternative livelihood options for the target farmers through building and applying integrated adaptive agriculture techniques to improve food security and income in their family as well as to reduce mangrove degradation activities in the target areas. It also aims to increase understanding of target farmers on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction. Moreover, the project is strongly aligned with many national laws, policies, and strategic action plan, especially Cambodia national strategy and action plan (C-NSAP) of mangrove for the future from 2014 to 2016. It is fitted to prioritized strategy number 2 (diversity local people’s livelihoods) and 4 (build coastal community resilience to climate change and natural disaster through practical experiences, local knowledge and ecosystems-based adaptation). In addition, the project works closely with the existing community to enhance and diversify their livelihood and incomes.
In the project design, the project plans to provide direct benefits to 540 people including 270. However, during the project implementation 359 local people from 4 villages including 205 female were identified as the project beneficiaries.
1. 60% of the target farmers applied integrated adaptive farming system in their family by 2017;
2. 60% of the target beneficiaries increased understanding on the impacts of climate change and disasters by 2017;
3. Project implementation, management, and administration are functioned well.
During the project planning, implementation and monitoring stages, RACHANA prioritized social groups of women’s and girl's participation as they were recognized to be more affected by climate changes and disasters compared to men and boys. At quarter 4 of the project implementation, a project facilitator organized an internal study tour and it was found that the women's and men's participation was 47.9% and 52.1% respectively. In the village based reflection meeting, women's and men's participation was 64.9% and 35.1% respectively. In the workshop for the conclusion of project, women's and men's participation was 38.5% and 61.5% respectively.
On average women's participation in activities during the life cycle of the project was about 52.8%. Based on observations after the completion of the project, it was evident that women beneficiaries of the project were more inclined to work in the factories and the house work such as home gardening, poultry raising and child care was increasingly shared by the males in the household.
The project conducted awareness raising on the impacts of the climate changes and disasters. Results of the awareness raising the participants were interested to apply the approach to adapt to the climate changes that they have received the training coursed. Moreover the project provided the start-up inputs to the 26 farmers for poultries and vegetable activities to adapt the impacts of the climate changes. Through these application, a farmer has explored the new initiative to grow vegetable in the coconut shells that use less water and grow in the dry-season. The new idea of multi-cropping system was introduced to the farmers.
The project organized the inception workshop to present the purposes, strategies and benefits of the target participants and collaboration of local authorities and relevant stakeholders. During the first quarter, the criterion selection of the beneficiaries was applied including (i) households who identified as ID Poor I or ID Poor II, (ii) willingness to provide contributions such as land, labor, and time, (iii) strong commitment in working with the project intervention, (iv) willingness to share resources, knowledge, skills, and experiences other farmers, and (v) readiness of farmers’ participation in conducting field researches/ demonstrations.
Tuol Torteung Commune, Prey Nub district, Preah Sihanouk province.
1st Jul 2016 to 30th Jun 2017
Co-finance: 76,876,800 KHR / 19,219 USD
Dr. Um Sam Oeurn, Executive Director
Phone: 012491 064
MR. CHENG DARA, Program Manager,
Phone: 012-928 663/097-6 881 871/096-54 555 26