Re-excavation of Shapkhali canal, Koikhali, Shyamnagar, Satkhira, Bangladesh © IUCN and Caritas Bangladesh, 2014
The Shapkhali canal was degraded and made shallow by the cyclone Aila in 2009. Since then, cultivation in dry season became limited to 9.36 hectares. Farmers formed a community organization to manage the limited water and select lands per season for cultivation. Most of these lands are cultivated by landless poor who lease land from the land owners. After re-excavation, the canal will be able to support 67 hectares more land for cultivation in the dry season.
Farmers around the canal (about 50) are direct beneficiaries. Besides that, increased agricultural activities will create income opportunity for the adjacent ethnic Munda community.
Sustainability of the project benefits to the poorer farmers will depend on the community agreement to lease out the lands seasonally to the landless farmers to cultivate in the dry season using the canal water. It is a challenge to ensure continuity of this agreement.
However, Caritas Bangladesh has good relationship with the community and in the presence of the strong community organization, it is expected that the project will benefit the poor long enough.
Union Koikhali under the sub-district of Shyamnagar of Satkhira District is situated 130 km from Khulna city. It is adjacent to mangrove forest Sundarban and 60 km away from Bay of Bengal. The area is vulnerable to natural hazards like cyclone, tidal surg
24th Feb 2014 to 23rd Feb 2015