Dr Wong Poh Poh, International Consultant to Coastal Erosion ... , Pattaya, Thailand © IUCN Thailand, 2013
Objective 1 - Identify and understand existing coastal ecosystems’ vulnerabilities to coastal erosion and sea-level rise in Pakistan and Thailand through situation analysis and assessment of coastal erosion policies, legal and institutional mechanisms including interventions to address coastal erosion.
Objective 2 - Identify and design specific “pilot interventions” that could be considered for future replication and/or scaling up in other MFF countries, based on the national assessment.
Objective 3 - Implement pilot project (intervention) in each country under the financial and time limitations of the project, distilling lessons learned and good practices in implementing interventions to sea-level rise-induced coastal erosion.
Coastal ecosystems are among the most productive, yet highly threatened systems in the world. Nearly 40% of the people in the world live within 100 kilometers of the coast, concentrated near some of the most vulnerable ecosystems, such as mangroves or coral reefs. In the past two decades coastal ecosystems, communities and economies have been increasingly affected by sea-level rise. Coastal erosion is recognized as one of the major impacts of sea-level rise, and considering that many large cities in the Indian Ocean and Asia Pacific are located in low-lying coastal deltas, sea-level rise is estimated to affect major parts of the region’s population.
"Strengthening the resilience of coastal ecosystems, communities, local and national economies to the adverse impacts of sea-level rise and coastal erosion" helped to develop practical knowledge in climate change adaptation by assessing the needs and gaps of the participating countries, and prioritizing and implementing interventions for strengthening the resilience of coastal ecosystems and communities to coastal erosion.
The project was implemented in two MFF countries, namely Pakistan and Thailand. The project was implemented in three phases:
In each of these phases, a number of activities were implemented in the two MFF participating countries.
The first activity implemented was the Inception Meeting:
In Pattaya, Thailand, an Inception Workshop launched the project. This project built on UNEP COBSEA's USD 400,000 grant from the Government of the Republic of Korea ("Yeosu Project: Addessing the Challenge of Sea-Level Rise and Coastal Erosion in the East Asian Seas - Initial Implementation of the COBSEA Regional Strategy"), which has also been implemented in Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam since 2012.
The inception meeting was organized in collaboration with Thailand's Department of Marine and Coastal Resources. The meeting discussed coastal erosion and the impacts of sea level rise in Thailand and was attended by professional global geography and coastal management experts. University of Singapore lecturer Dr Wong Poh Poh gave a presentation about a study made about coastal erosion in Thailand. The country's coast, more than three thousand kilometers in length, is reported to have severe erosion (between 8 percent to more than 26 percent). Participants from Pakistan were interested in Thailand's traditional wisdom on using bamboo to trap sediment and assist in mangrove rehabilitation.
Coastal zone managers and senior level decision makers in sectoral departments with responsibilities for the coast of Thailand and Pakistan.
The project’s expected results were as follows:
1. Enhanced understanding of coastal vulnerability related to coastal erosion due to sea-level rise and an assessment of the current set of policies, legal systems and institutional arrangements relevant to addressing coastal erosion in Pakistan and Thailand.
2. Reports and recommendations are shared with all the relevant national stakeholders (including the local authorities) as well as regional experts and sectoral managers.
3. Enhanced national coordination and an open dialogue between all stakeholders, including local affected communities.
4. National, sub-national and local authorities are more prepared to face the negative impacts of sea-level rise and coastal erosion by having developed or strengthened policy and/or specific strategies to address coastal erosion;
5. Implementation of the specifically identified and prioritized pilot interventions to address coastal erosion.
Pakistan and Thailand
1st Jan 2013 to 31st Dec 2014
Total co-financing: USD 240,000
The project is implemented by UNEP COBSEA (Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia) in collaboration with key National Partners:
Amari Orchid Pattaya, Thailand 10 Jun - 11 Jun 2013