Promoting Ecosystem-based coastal resource management. The m ... , Trang, Thailand © MFF/Siriporn Sriaram, 2010
Build capacity, using a local multi-stakeholder participation process, for community-based and ecosystem-based coastal resource planning and management, in order to develop local coastal ecosystem management plans (CBCEM) and to ensure its integration and support at tambon and provincial levels.
In particular, the project aimed to:
The goal of the project was to address the multiple issues of coastal resource depletion and natural disaster impacts on local communities, by introducing ecosystem-based integrated coastal resource management through multi-stakeholder participation, knowledge management, and capacity building for actors and stakeholders, so as to link policy makers and coastal communities in their efforts to improve ecosystem management and disaster preparedness. The project targeted coastal ecosystems in two provinces in Southern Thailand, namely Trang Province and Nakorn Sri Thammarat Province. Critical problems in both sites included ineffective management of coastal resources, such as an inability to control the use of illegal and inappropriate fishing gears, conflicts between coastal communities and local government agencies, and even conflicts between coastal communities themselves. These various issues were leading to the degradation of important coastal resources including beach forests, mangrove forests and seagrass beds.
15 villages in Tambon Tha Sala of Nakhon Sithammarat province; Tha Sala was chosen because of the strength of the local community organization, esp "Srabua-Naithung Fisher Folk Conservation Group". The organization is a great ally and local champion of neighboring villages.
8 villages in Koh Libong, Kantang District, Trang province; historically, Koh Libong fishers actively work with the provincial fisher folk forum (network) in conservation of plants and marine life. Koh Libong is also a project area of The Andaman Foundation (SAN) for its disaster prevention and preparedness activities.
Established collaborative resource management mechanisms across community, provincial, and national levels, using a multi-stakeholder participatory process. Coordination among multi-stakeholders was strengthened, and in the process, reduced tension between local communities and national agencies. In Trang, a coastal resource management committee, chaired by the Governor of the Province himself, was formed to facilitate development of a CBCEM plan. In 2010, a Memorandum of Understanding concretized a cooperative agreement for sea grass protection, dugong conservation, and sustainable environmental management in the Kantang district. In Nakhon Sri Thammarat, the project facilitated the uptake of The ecosystem-based coastal resource management concepts integrated into the local development plan of Tasala Tambon Administrative Organization. The communities' needs were also integrated into the local administration's policy planning process by inviting the Tasala Tambon Administrative Organization in community consultation meetings.
Climate Change (in the context of disaster preparedness and response strategies): Project activities led to an increase of awareness about the reality of adaptation to extreme weather events. After the extreme flooding of 2010, the project facilitated the development of a community-based disaster response strategy using citizen band radio as a communication tool. The project collaborated with Walailak University for the overall disaster response project in Nakhon Sri Thammarat.
Gender Equality: The project worked to raise awareness about the importance of gender-balanced participation, and emphasized processes and mechanisms which opened the way for women to participate equally with men, as well as arranging specific women-only activities. Women were empowered to observe proceedings and exchange opinions, and participated in diverse activities including problem solving, solution identification, conservation, rehabilitation, and the development and agreement of rules and regulations for coastal resource management. The project also strove to promote openness, accessibility and diversity in its working processes, whether in terms of gender, age, academic background or social standing. The project paved the way for a complete departure from traditional models of participation, where lead roles or official roles were reserved only for men.
Communications: The project used various media and communications channels that contributed to spreading key messages of the project at a wider scale. Online media (facebook and SDF website) were also used to disseminate project activities.
The Gleaners of Ban Modtanoi, Trang Province, Thailand © MFF
The fishing village of Modtanoi is located in southern Thailand in the province of Trang, along the coast of the Andaman Sea. But in Modtanoi, the traditional way of life, with its traditional male and female job descriptions, is changing. As the coast becomes more stressed with increased development and environmental change, women and men are being forced to share roles simply as a matter of survival.
Tambon Tha Sala, Amphoe Tha Sala, Nakhonsithammarat; and Tambon Kho-Libong, Amphoe Kantang, Trang
1st Sep 2009 to 31st Aug 2011
Sustainable Development Foundation (SDF)
86 Ladpraw 110 (Yaek 2)
Ladpraw Road, Wangtongland, Bangkok 10310
Tel: +66 2935 3560 -62
Fax: +66 2935 2721
Ms. Ravadee Prasertcharoensuk
Director, Sustainable Development Foundation
This project brought people together, bringing together ideas and concepts from the government and the people. The message is 'Bring together and do together'. By bringing government and people together, all common interests of government, community, and ecosystem are met.
-- Mr Somchai Kao Eian, Chief, DMCR Mangrove Management Unit 44